The hazelnut is the hard-shelled nut of the hazel tree deriving from species of the genus Corylus, especially of the species Corylus avellana. It is also called filberts or cobnuts nuts according to species.
The hazelnut is originated over 5000 years ago in China, southern Europe, and Turkey. Today hazelnuts are grown primarily in turkey, Italy, and now being cultivated in the USA as a major commercial crop.
Hazelnuts are enclosed in a smooth and hard brown shell, and they are thin, dark brown skin, which sometimes is removed before cooking.
Its kernel is small and round, with a pointed tip. Hazelnut has a sweet flavor and can be eaten raw, roasted, or ground into a paste. It is also used in food products, soaps, and perfumes.
Fats in Hazelnuts
Hazelnuts are an excellent source of fats. There are 17 grams of fats in serving of nuts. It contains almost 13 grams of monounsaturated and 2.2 grams of polyunsaturated fat and less amount of saturated fats.
While choosing fats, it is essential to focus on monounsaturated fats over saturated fats or Trans fats. According to research, a high amount of monounsaturated fat content of hazelnuts is responsible for lipid changes.
Protein in Hazelnuts
Hazelnuts provide just over 4 grams of protein per serving. These small but mighty hazelnuts are also full of plant-based protein. It provides diet-friendly Protein to help promote satiety.
Fiber in Hazelnuts
Like other nutrients, Hazelnuts are also suitable for dietary fiber. It contains 2.7 grams of fiber per serving. Fiber content found in Hazelnuts may play an essential role in encouraging satiety also contributes to the feeling of fullness if they are replacing “snacks” like potato chips or candy. It may also help to prevent constipation.
Antioxidant in hazelnuts
Hazelnuts provide significant amounts of antioxidants. It contains vitamin E and C that removes potentially damaging oxidizing agents. Vitamin-E in Hazelnuts is a powerful lipid-soluble antioxidant that may reduce the extent of cell damage from free radicals.
The most plentiful antioxidants in hazelnuts well-known as Phenolic compounds that may protect the body from oxidative stress and promoting aging, cancer, and heart health.
Minerals in hazelnuts
Hazelnuts contain almost every essential minerals in varying proportions. They are a rich source of minerals like magnesium, manganese, potassium, calcium, copper, selenium, iron, and zinc.
One serving of hazelnuts can provide Manganese and Copper, which are essential co-factors for the antioxidant enzyme, superoxide dismutase. It is also essential for iron transportation that may help prevent microcytic-anemia.